This is the fifth interview with the PhD students of the Metagenomics projects in a series of 8 background articles. Keep following this website for the next interview in this series.
Interview with Simen Fredriksen, PhD candidate of the project ‘Microbiome fortification for healthier pigs through metagenomics-driven culturomics and microbial bioactive metabolite discovery’.
I chose to do a PhD in metagenomics due to having an interest in microbial ecology as well as a more general interest in science. The work I do is similar to what I did as a master student at the University of Oslo, so I knew what I was signing up for. I find microbiome research interesting in part due to it being a relatively new and fast developing field that still has many unanswered questions. Apart from the academic side, I am happy to be working on a project that has concrete goals towards improving animal and human health.
The ultimate goal of my project is to reduce the prevalence of infectious disease in pig farms. As antimicrobials have been widely used to prevent and treat infections (some of which have zoonotic potential), antimicrobial resistance has emerged. Thus, my project also impacts on the health of humans and the global one health. Methodically, my project is centered around integrating sequencing technology and bioinformatics with culturing of bacteria and other microbiological methods. Most importantly, I utilize metagenomics to detect genetic markers associated with healthy and diseased animals. These markers can be used to identify members of the microbiota which can antagonize pathogens as well as previously unknown synergies between co-infecting organisms.
The most challenging part of my position is acquiring metagenomics samples from diseased farm animals, as the window of time between the observation of relevant symptoms and antibiotic treatment can be small. Additionally, it is not always straightforward to identify what disease a pig is suffering from. The most enjoyable part of my position is working with bioinformatics on large datasets. It is also nice to be conducting multidisciplinary science in collaboration with researchers from a range of different universities and countries. Similarly, I find it important to interact with veterinarians and other members of the pig farming industry in order to properly understand my study system.
The second edition of the NCOH Magazine has been published at the Annual Scientific Meeting at Radboudumc 17 may. Here is your chance to look at the digital version.
Will we be able to respond adequately when an unknown virus with pandemic potential emerges? The recent outbreak of MERS in the Middle East was an interesting testcase. Martine van Roode and Carolina dos Santos Ribeiro analysed the factors that hampered, or enabled, the flow of information, in Qatar and the wider Arabian peninsula.
Erasmus MC professor Marion Koopmans, head of the Viroscience department at Erasmus MC and scientific director of the NCOH, has been chosen by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) as a new member.
Young NCOH is the network for PhD students and post-docs from the NCOH research groups. Aim of the network is sharing knowledge and expertise in One Health related disciplines, which can lead to new collaborations in research. The kick off of the network takes place at the Annual Scientific Meeting, 17 May 2019 (ASM2019).